Cuzco Painting

Cuzco Painting

After the conquest of Cuzco by the Spaniards in 1534, the painting “Cusco” appears as ecclesiastical and didactic art, counting on the use of the image allied with the word to transmit the teachings of Catholicism. Believing in the evangelization of the peoples of the Inca community through art, Spain sends groups of religious artists to create doctrinal works, forming schools of Indian or crossbred painters, teaching the art of drawing and oil.
The Cuzco painting was also produced in other Andean countries, such as Ecuador and Bolivia, between the 16th and 18th centuries. The name “Cuzco” is due to the capital of Peru, Cuzco, to be the center of the Inca Empire. The school of Cuzco is considered as the first pictorial center organized in the so-called New World. We ignore the authorship of most of these works because the art was essentially communitarian and ritual.

WORK: Sacred Family, XVII
AUTHOR: Unknown author
TECHNIQUE: oil on canvas
MEASURES: 100 x 148 cm

The picture presented significant impairment of the canvas and on the pictorial layer with a detachment in some areas quite compromised, important damage and craquelures on the pictural layer. The varnish was oxidized and the canvas fabric contained filth from the weather. The frame was under attack by termites (xylophagous insects) and was done a
termite treatment. Marks of folds occurring on canvas as well as deformities resulting from
previous interventions, such as relining to wax and repainting in several areas. The frame was cracked in some areas and the stretcher bars were made of inadequate wood and of inadequate size and was replaced by noble wood cedar. Stretcher bars replacement for a new (in Cedar) with crosses braces that allow the movement of the work, thus preventing the screen from deforming again.

Diagnosis:
Filth
Xylophagous
Rusty varnish
Torn fabric
Pictorial layer damaged
Procedures adopted:
Fixation of the pictorial layer on a vacuum hot table
Cleaning the fabric by mapping
Relining with linen fabric

Cleaning and extraction of oxidized varnish
Leveling and retouching of missing parts
Protection of the pictorial layer with suitable varnish application
Replacement of the old chassis with cedar stretcher bars
Cleaning the frame while maintaining original features
Crack closing
Reintegration with retouching "tratteggio"
Frame restoration with gold leaf

  • Budget:

  • Date:

    August 24, 2017

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